The Long Binding Chains

We have to gain a historical perspective that ties all of this together.
Today UNICOR which uses prison labor is a $900,000,000 industry.
At least 37 states allow commercial application of prison labor. Making everything from McDonald’s uniforms to Military uniforms. Even working call centers for major global telecommunications companies.
Right now there are 4,000 inmates fighting California wildfires (including juveniles) for $2 an hour or less.

You’ve already heard horror stories of overcrowding, death, abuse, rape and extortion within prison walls across America. This is what they call “insourcing” and is Americas answer to outsourcing.
Putting that “Made In America” tag back on commercial goods.

You can’t get a job on the outside at living wages but as one of the forgotten millions behind bars you’ll fight to get a job inside for 11 cents an hour. How else will you get socks and toothpaste? Or pay your court mandated prison rent or the fines and costs for missing a rent payment?

Inside a plethora of industries with little to no oversight hold a monopoly on goods and services in no bid contracts given out like party favors. So prisoners get served maggots in their food and the FDA says “sorry, they aren’t under our jurisdiction.” They live in filth and violence and the government says “sorry, that is a private facility and not subject to public scrutiny.” America leads the world in men being raped due to prisons and the feds say “sorry. We don’t have enough money or manpower to prevent that”

As James Baldwin quoted,
“The role of the artist is exactly the same as the role of the lover.
If I love you, I have to make you conscious of the things you don’t see.”

Here are the chains. See them?
Slavery from US conception up till 1865.
1841 to 1928 Convict Leasing.
1890 to 1950 Chain Gangs. 1934 to 2015 UNICOR uses penal labor from the Federal Bureau of Prisons to produce goods and services

1970 prisons begin mass warehousing of bodies. 1980 prisons are privatized. From 1970 to 2012 prison populations explode going from 196,000 nationwide to 2.4 million. 2013 prison insourcing made legal in as many as 37 states.

Now break the chain.

“The only difference between slavery and convict leasing Is that with convicts so plentiful, they were seen as disposable.”
Matthew J. Mancini – One Dies, Get Another: Convict Leasing in the American South, 1866-1928

APRIL 8th, 1911
Mine Explosion near Birmingham, Alabama, Kills 128 State Prisoners

Image and story from
Equal Justice Initiative.
Commentary by Max Parthas

By 1910, the Alabama had become the sixth largest coal producer in the United States. Between 1875 and 1900, Alabama’s coal production grew from 67,000 tons to 8.4 million tons. This growth was driven in large part by the expansion of convict leasing in the state; in Birmingham, the center of the state’s coal production, more than 25 percent of miners were leased convicts. In addition, more than 50 percent of all miners in the state had learned to mine while working as convicts.

State officials quickly learned how to use the convict leasing system to disproportionately exploit black people.
In an average year, 97 percent of Alabama’s county convicts were black. When coal companies’ labor needs increased, local police swept small-town streets for vagrants, gamblers, drunks, and thieves, targeting hundreds of black Alabamians for arrest. These citizens were then tried and convicted, sentenced to sixty or ninety-days hard labor plus court costs, and handed over to the mines.

Employers frequently held and worked convicts well beyond their scheduled release dates since local officials had no incentive to intervene and prisoners lacked the resources and power to demand enforcement.

Conditions in the mines were deplorable. Convicts were often chained together in ankle-deep water, working 12- to 16-hour shifts with no breaks, and surviving on fistfuls of spoiled meat and cornbread stuffed into the rags they wore for uniforms. Describing the experience, a black former convict laborer recalled that the prisoners had slept in their chains, covered with “filth and vermin,” and the powder cans used as slop jars frequently overflowed and ran over into their beds.

Prisoner safety was not a priority for the mines’ owners and operators. In 1911, the Banner Mine near Birmingham exploded, killing 128 convicts leased to the Pratt Consolidated Coal Company. A local newspaper listed the crimes of the victims next to their names: vagrancy, weapons violations, bootlegging, and gambling. A rural newspaper observed, “Several negroes from this section . . . were caught in the Banner mine explosion. That is a pretty tight penalty to pay for selling booze.”

Join Millions for Prisoners March on Washington
ore information at

New Abolitionists Radio
Move To Abolish 21st Century Slavery

Image and story found here
Equal Justice Initiative.

Commentary by Max Parthas

About MaxParthas

Max Parthas (Born in 1964 in Paterson, NJ) is a well-known Modern Day Abolitionist, Activist, Spoken Word Artist, and Mentor. He is a visionary who doesn’t mind speaking his mind and facing the ugly truths of modern day slavery head-on via the use of public platforms such as social media, broadcast radio, spoken word poetry, and videography. Parthas endeavors to enlighten and educate his audiences with poetic images of reality that leave them searching for truth. Often at the forefront of history and events, his “In your face” honesty and passion act as a double edged sword that will force you to open your eyes and see the world for what it is (minus the rose-colored glasses); especially when it comes to the topic of Modern Day Slavery and the Prison Industrial System. He has won numerous awards, accolades and is a well-respected in the Spoken Word Industry both nationally and internationally. He has appeared on stage with poetry giants, Emmy, Peabody and Grammy award winner(s), Hollywood Actors and Hip-Hop artists alike. His work has appeared in anthologies, CDs, and numerous publications. Maximus Parthas currently lives resides in Eastover, SC and co hosts the weekly informative broadcast of New Abolitionists Radio on the For the past 15 years he has studied and reported on the American justice system and its practice of legalized slavery and human trafficking made possible by the US constitution’s 13th amendment in association with prison, jails, private industry, legislation and criminal justice. He is considered one of the nation’s leading experts and has written extensively on the subject.

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