Critical thinking ahead.
Copied from .gov ;
“The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States, passed the Senate on April 8, 1864, and the House on January 31, 1865. On February 1, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln approved the Joint Resolution of Congress submitting the proposed amendment to the state legislatures. The necessary number of states ratified it by December 6, 1865. The 13th amendment to the United States Constitution provides that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except <<OK STOP HERE. Look back at the last word. Understand what it means. This is the exception to the rule. CONTINUE>> as a punishment for crime<< STOP AGAIN. if you are convicted of a crime you are the exception to the abolition rule. Period. CONTINUE>> whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, <<STOP. So to be considered a slave all you need is a conviction. in 2015 “97 percent of federal cases and 94 percent of state cases ended in plea bargains, with defendants pleading guilty in exchange for a lesser sentence. Courtroom trials, the stuff of television dramas, almost never take place.” CONTINUE>> shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” << To be clear, NONE of those proclamations applied to the exception.
The 13th amendment was passed at the end of the Civil War before the Southern states had been restored to the Union and should have easily passed the Congress. Although the Senate passed it in April 1864, the House did not. At that point, Lincoln took an active role to ensure passage through congress. He insisted that passage of the 13th amendment be added to the Republican Party platform for the upcoming Presidential elections. His efforts met with success when the House passed the bill in January 1865 with a vote of 119–56.
With the adoption of the 13th amendment, the United States found a final <<STOP. Final is not allowed as a description while an exception exists. Propaganda. CONTINUE>>> constitutional solution to the issue of slavery. The 13th amendment, along with the 14th and 15th, is one of the trio of Civil War amendments that greatly expanded the civil rights of Americans.
-Reviewed Work: Slavery By Another Name: The Convict Lease System
Is this the case today for convicts? No.
“More than 5.85 million adults who’ve been convicted of a felony aren’t welcome at polling places, according to data through 2010 compiled by The Sentencing Project. That’s 600,000 more than in 2004, the last time the nonprofit group crunched the numbers.”
This was 6 year ago. in 2015 nearly 14 million went through our jails. 2.4 million sat in prisons. As many as 800,000+ of them are veterans. Every year 3/4 of a million go in and out of prisons. Nearly every time losing a right guaranteed by the constitution. They lose those rights because they have become property of the state. And exceptions to the abolition rule as described in the 13th amendment.
“I Denounce the So-Called Emancipation as a Stupendous Fraud”
by Fredrick Douglas(1888) Full speech transcript.